Surface presentation of bioactive ligands in a nonadhesive background using DOPA-tethered biotinylated poly (ethylene glycol)

RC Gunawan, JA King, BP Lee, PB Messersmith, WM Miller
Langmuir 23 (21), 10635-10643, 2007.

We have developed surfaces for the selective presentation of biotinylated peptides and proteins in a background that resists nonspecific protein adsorption; controlled amounts of biotinylated poly(ethylene glycol) (MW 3400 Da; PEG3400) anchored to titanium-dioxide-coated surfaces via an adhesive tri-peptide sequence of l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA3−PEG3400−biotin; DPB) were incorporated within a DOPA3−PEG2000 background. Using optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy, we found that the amounts of sequentially adsorbed NeutrAvidin and singly biotinylated molecules increased proportionally with the amount of DPB in the surface. Biotinylated peptides (MW 2000 Da) were able to fill all three of the remaining avidin-binding sites, while only one molecule of biotinylated PEG5000 or stem cell factor bound to each avidin. The resulting biotin−avidin−biotin linkages were stable for prolonged periods under continuous perfusion, even in the presence of excess free biotin. Hematopoietic M07e cells bound to immobilized peptide ligands for α5β1 (cyclic RGD) and α4β1 (cylic LDV) integrins in a DPB-dose-dependent manner, with near-maximal binding to cylic LDV for surfaces containing 1% DPB. Multiple ligands were adsorbed in a controlled manner by incubating NeutrAvidin with the respective ligands in the desired molar ratio and then adding the resulting complexes to DPB-containing surfaces. Cell adhesion to surfaces containing both cylic LDV and cyclic RGD increased in an additive manner compared to that for the individual ligands. The bioactivity of adsorbed biotinylated stem cell factor was retained, as demonstrated by DPB-dose-dependent M07e cell adhesion and ERK1/2 activation.

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